Garden Salad

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My aunt made a salad for me, and here I want to attach something that she sent to me.

Pokok Ulam Raja (nama lain: Pokok kenikir) merupakan tumbuhan tropika yang berasal dari Amerika Latin, tetapi tumbuh meliar dan mudah didapati di Florida, Amerika Syarikat, serta di Malaysia dan negara-negara ASEAN.
Ulam Raja adalah sejenis spesis bunga intan berayun yang berwarna unggu atau kuning dan berbunga kecil. Manakala pokok bunga yang berwarna kuning jarang digunakannya sebagai ulam, yang berwarna unggu merupakan sayuran ulam yang amat popular dimakan mentah bersama nasi atau di cicah dengan budu, sambal belacan atau tempoyak serta cincalok.
Berdasarkan kajian tempatan, ulam raja mengandungi 3 peratus protein, 0.4 peratus lemak dan karbohidrat serta kaya dengan kalsium dan vitamin A.
Herba ini adalah herba semusim mencapai ketinggian hampir satu meter. Batangnya berwarna hijau tua dan keunguan sedikit. Kebiasaannya herba ini bercabang banyak di bahagian atas.
Daunnya bergaris bentuk ovat atau segi tiga dengan anak daunnya yang runcing, kesat dan berwarna hijau tua. Bunganya bertangkai panjang, berwarna kuning keunguan. Daun herba ini mengeluarkan bau apabila diramas.
Herba ubat
Ulamnya yang digelarkan “ulam raja” telah digunakan secara tradisi untuk memperbaiki peredaran darah dan mencuci darah, serta untuk menguatkan tulang. Ulamnya mempunyai keupayaan antioksida (AEAC) yang amat tinggi, iaitu setiap 100 gram ulam yang segar mempunyai keupayaan antioksida yang sama dengan 2,400 miligram L-asid askorbik. Melebihi dua puluh jenis bahan antioksida telah dikenal pasti dalam ulam raja.
Bahan-bahan antioksida yang utama disebabkan oleh kehadiran sebilangan proantosianidin yang wujud sebagai dimer, melalui heksamer, kuersetin glikosida, asid klorogenik, asid neoklorogenik, asid kripto-klorogenik, serta penangkap (+)-.
Keupayaan ulam raja untuk mengurangkan tekanan oksidatif mungkin sebahagiannya terdiri daripada kandungan antioksidanya yang tinggi.
Kesimpulan
Orang Melayu daripada dahulu telahpun mengetahui khasiat dan telah menafaatkan pelbagai jenis tumbuhan yang tumbuh merata sebagai makanan harian atau sebagai ubatan.
Pada masa kini, pengetahuan yang memakan masa bergenerasi untuk dikumpulkan kini terancam untuk pupus begitu sahaja. Oleh itu, marilah bersama-sama menghargai setiap tumbuhan yang terdapat disekitar serta berganding bahu untuk memelihara, memulihkannya dan merakamkan kegunaannya.
Semoga apa yang kita ada akan terus berkekalan untuk tinggalan generasi yang akan datang agar mereka juga merasai nikmat yang masih kita rasai pada masa kini.

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DermaDrate dry skin treament

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okay, today I am going to talk about my first product from my doctor there. DermaDrate Dry skin Treatment, obviously its a dry skin lotion. I used to used Rosken before this. But now I switch to this product because doctor ask so.

It does contain Urea 10% moisturiser

-Urea is a substance that is found naturally in the skin, which by its nature is very attracted to water. It is used to help rehydrate dry, scaly skin.

Dry skin results from lack of water in the outer layer of skin cells known as the stratum corneum. When this layer becomes dehydrated it loses its flexibility and becomes cracked, scaly and sometimes itchy. The stratum corneum contains natural water-holding substances, including urea, which retain water seeping up from the deeper layers of the skin. Water is also normally retained in the stratum corneum by a surface film of natural oil (sebum) and broken-down skin cells, which slow down evaporation of water from the skin surface.

The skin dries out when too much water evaporates from its surface. This increases as we get older, and is made worse by washing, because hot water and soap remove the layer of natural oil on the skin surface.

When urea is applied to the skin it penetrates the stratum corneum, where it readily absorbs and retains water. This increases the capacity of the skin to hold moisture, and the skin therefore becomes rehydrated. The moisturising base that the urea is mixed in also provides a layer of oil on the surface of the skin, which helps prevent water from evaporating from the skin surface. Both actions soothe and soften the skin, and reduce the scaling and itching of dry skin conditions such as eczema and ichthyosis.

Moisturisers are helpful for all dry skin conditions, particularly eczema and dermatitis, which get worse when the skin is allowed to dry out. Used regularly they help restore the skin’s smoothness, softness and flexibility by helping the skin retain moisture.

What is it used for?

  • Chronic dry skin conditions such as eczema.
  • Inherited, non-inflammatory dryness and scaling of the skin (ichthyosis, xeroderma).
  • Overgrowth of the outer layer of skin causing it to become thickened and scaly (hyperkeratosis).

How can this medicine affect other medicines?

By smoothing and softening the skin moisturisers can increase the absorption of other medicines that are applied to the skin. This can be useful in conditions such as eczema because it improves the ability of other medicines, such as corticosteroid creams, to penetrate the skin and reduce inflammation.

However, if they are applied at the same time, moisturisers can also dilute the active ingredient of other medicines applied to the skin, so you should try to avoid applying them within about half an hour of medicated creams, ointments and lotions.

It contains Urea 10% moisturiser and keratolytic, lactic acid 5% keratolytic and Sodium PCA 5% a powerful moisturiser that can bind 80% of its own weight of water from the atmosphere. Sodium PCA is 50% more moisturising than glycerine and 100% more moisturising than propylene glycol.

to be continued….