Another idea of FYP in term of Malaysian English Pronunciation: Staccato Effect


on on on

Staccato is Italian for detached (the opposite of legato ‘bound, tied’) and is used to describe ‘a special manner of performing musical phrase without slurring the notes together, articulationg each separately. The staccato actually shorten the value of each note as written by the insertion of a minute pause. These 3 aspects of musical staccato
– Separate articulation
– Shortening of notes
– Insertion of pauses
Should be borne in mind in the following discussion of how the meaning of this musical term maybe transferred to features of pronunciation.

Extracted from Foley, J (1988). New English: The case of Singapore. Singapore: Singapore University Press. Retrieved from




I have found out that the staccato effect of Malaysian English is due to the stressing of every single syllabe in English words. This is especially happenin Chinese native speaker, as they is either

1. Absence of stressing features in Mandarin


2. Stressing on every single word, as every single words has their own lexical meaning, in contrast to English.


Even though, that this book produce in the year of 1988, has been published for 27 years until 2015. I still find it an interesting topic for research.


The reason for this is
1. The staccato effect still happen, perhaps with less staccato, but it still happen.

2. The staccato effect generally reduce as the Chinese native speaker grow up and gain increasing exposure to English medium in term of Speaking and Listening. But that is still a necessary to teach on this.

3. The staccato effect has living for a timespan of at least 27 years. With the explicit awareness from Researcher and lecturer in Phonology and phonetic field. Still, the staccato effect still happen after 27 years.

4. Thus, there should be a research on how to reduce the staccato effect in Language teaching classroom. Perhaps a communicative Language theory to teach students? Which is also a new approach to teach student?


A brief insight into the World of Blogging (Malaysian Context)


Hi, to whoever read this. This is my academic blog. and I am publishing my outline of speech which i couldnt delivered entirely because of the 5 mins time constraints. I have so much to talk. Hence, I decided to let my research of 3 days 2 night to publishes here. …..

The Original Content started here. 

A Brief Insight into the World of Blogging


  • History of the coinage word “Blogging”
    • In the late 1990, Jorn Barger- weblog (Web site + Logging)
    • 1999, Peter Merholz- blog (for short) David L., Blogging, 2011.
  • Blogs- allow anyone with sufficient level of mastery in Information Communication and technologies (ICT) to write and publish text, picture, video or audio the post.

Main Idea 1: Hobby VS Career

  • Everyone start from hobby blogger
  • Share food recipe, personal open diary, experience.
  • Non-technical user
  • Care about readership
  • Career
  • Care about income, thus readership
  • Google AdSense, paid post, sponsored item
  • Niche: Specific topic (beauty, education, sport, travel, IT gadget)
  • So many advertisers –spend millions of dollar to advertise on these commercial niches.
  • Target audience
  • Written precisely to you
  • Article conversational
  • Marketing & Promotional skills
  • SEO (Search Engine Optimization)
  • Business card
  • Social media account: Instagram, Facebook, Google+
  • Subscribe
  • Similarity: Blogger community
  • The Butterfly Project

– Who has help to raise a lot of beauty, fashion bloggers in Malaysia.

-Tammy Lim who blog in

– Recently been crowned at Top 10 Female blogger Malaysia by a magazine known as “Top 10 Malaysia”.

  • Make reader into thinking most bloggers are combination of both.

“One that is written by an individual with a passion for the product /service is likely to draw more readership than one with a bland corporate persona.”

Main Idea 2: Blog VS other mass media

  • Firsthand experience with emotion (Regulation blogs in Malaysia)
  • Blogger has experienced the first hand reports from ongoing events, whether wars, natural disasters, crimes or events.
  • It is also very subjective that bloggers chose to blog subjectively based on their interest.
  • Examples
  • Iraq war (The Baghdad civilians and US soldiers)
  • The inhabitants of New Orleans – during hurricane Katrina.
  • The inhabitants of people to stay in Terengganu who blogged during the annually reported year end flood.
  • Comply to editorial policy
  • Mass media (television, radio, newspaper)-aim at public- contend with the –

Editorial policies that were generally based on the ideology

  • UMNO owe Utusan Melayu, New Straits Time
  • MCA owe The Star-pro-goverment
  • Advertiser
  • Printing Presses and Publications Act (PPPA) 1984
  • All printing presses require a license granted by the Home Affairs Minister, renewed every year.
  • Absolute discretion-granting and revocation of licenses
  • The Edge Financial Daily – The Edge Weekly-suspension of printing permits -3 months- controversial 1MDB reports.

Main Idea 3: Law regulations for Malaysian bloggers

  • Laws that apply to every Malaysian.
  • ISA (Internal Security Act) 1960
  • Famous socio-political blogger- Raja Petra Kamaruddin- detained
  • Insulting Malays , Islam
  • Official Secret Act 1972
  • Defamation Act 1957
  • Sedition Act 1948
  • Cyber laws of Malaysia – 11 laws that involved- applicable to any online user in Malaysia. (telemedicine, Digital signature, copyright, online payment)
    • Computer Crime Acts 1997- hacking, virus attack
  • Communication and Multimedia Act 1998
  • Prohibit content that is “indecent, obscene, false, menacing, or offensive in character with intent to annoy abuse, threaten or harass any person”.
  • Sexual experience, homosexuality.
  • Besides, according to Ahmad, Mohammad and Hassan in Regulating blog in Malaysia (2011), Malaysian bloggers -self censorship, using moral conscience and common sense as their guide, and the social community knowledge of the Malaysian cultural.
  • Generally, no any specific laws that is targeted to blogger.
  • Unless, talk about sex, race, religion, politic issue.


As a blogger- want to reach large about of readership, create a better community. Use it for a better community

  • World Food Week 2015, Oct.
  • Like and comment- 1kg of rice, flour, pasta, potatoes


Some of the useful links that you might want to reference


Pulizzi, J. (n.d.). Ultimate Guide to BLogging. Retrieved from

2. Website: The difference between professional blogging and hobby blogging

3. Book:

Rettberg, J.W. (2009). Blogging: Digital Media and Society Series. Cambridge:Polity Stress.

4. Book:

Hudson, D.L. (2011). Blogging:Second Edition. New York: Chelsea House.

5. Online article:

Ooi, Y.M. (n.d.). Blogging thrives in Malaysia. International Association of Business Communicator. Retrieved from