|Indications||Symptomatic treatment of seasonal rhinitis, perennial allergic rhinitis & urticaria of allergic origin.|
|Dosage||Adult 10 mg once daily. Childn ≥6 yr 5 mg bd or 10 mg once daily, 3-6 yr 2.5 mg bd or 5 mg once daily.|
|Administration||May be taken with or without food.|
|Contraindications||1st trimester of pregnancy, lactation.|
|Special Precautions||Renal insufficiency. Childn <2 yr. May impair ability to drive or operate machinery.|
|Adverse Drug Reactions||Headache, dizziness, drowsiness, agitation, dry mouth, GI discomfort.
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|Pregnancy Category (US FDA)||
Category B: Either animal-reproduction studies have not demonstrated a foetal risk but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women or animal-reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect (other than a decrease in fertility) that was not confirmed in controlled studies in women in the 1st trimester (and there is no evidence of a risk in later trimesters).
|MIMS Class||Antihistamines & Antiallergics|
|ATC Classification||R06AE07 – cetirizine ; Belongs to the class of piperazine derivatives used as systemic antihistamines.|
Rhinitis (pron.: /raɪˈnaɪtɪs/) is a medical term for irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the nose.(sources from wikipedia, in short, its running nose cause by allergic, like allergens such as pollen or dander(mean fur,danduff from animal), and this is also the cause of running nose, right?
If you don’t know what is lactation, it is the process where a mother breastfeeding her baby.
agitation- a chronic state of restlessness, with increase psychomotor activities and being active all the time
antihistamine means its a drug for anti-innflammation.Histamine is a chemical subtances that produce by cell that will cause our blood vessels to dilate (dilate means expand), when blood vessel dilates, that particular areas will then swelling