Atarax

I consume Atarax every night after meal following the instructions from doctor.Atarax

ATARAX is indicated to assist in the management of anxiety in adults.

Atarax is indicated for the management of pruritus(intense itching sensation) associated with acute and chronic urticaria, including cholinergic and physical types, and atopic and contact dermatitis in adults and children.

 

URTICARIA= hives

 

Hives are raised, often itchy, red welts on the surface of the skin. They are usually an allergic reaction to food or medicine.

Symptoms: Itching; Swelling of the surface of the skin into red- or skin-colored welts

Antihistamines are the most common treatment for hives.

 

Dermatitis

Derma= skin (greek)

itis = inflammation

dermatitis = inflammation of skin

 

CONTACT DERMATITIS is a condition in which the skin becomes red, sore, or inflamed after direct contact with a substance. There are two kinds of contact dermatitis: irritant or allergic.

Treatment for contact dermatitis

1.Treatment includes washing with lots of water to remove any traces of the irritant that may remain on the skin. You should avoid further exposure to known irritants or allergens.

2. In some cases, the best treatment is to do nothing to the area.

3. Emollients or moisturizers help keep the skin moist, and also help skin repair itself. They protect the skin from becoming inflamed again. They are a key part of preventing and treating contact dermatitis.

4. Corticosteroid skin creams or ointments may reduce inflammation. Carefully follow the instructions when using these creams. Overuse, even of low-strength over-the-counter products, may cause a skin condition.

5. Along with, or instead of corticosteroids, your health care provider may prescribe drugs called tacrolimus ointment or pimecrolimus cream to use on the skin.

In severe cases, corticosteroid pills may be needed. You will start them on a high dose, which is tapered gradually over about 12 days. You may also receive a corticosteroid shot.

Wet dressings and soothing anti-itch (antipruritic) or drying lotions may be recommended to reduce other symptoms.

 

Posology = The pharmacological determination of appropriate doses of drugs and medicines

Posology and method of administration

Method of administration: oral.

Dosage:

Anxiety

Adults 50-100mg four times daily.

Pruritus

Adults Starting dose of 25mg at night increasing as necessary to 25mg three or four times daily.

Use in the elderly A reduced dose is advised. This is due to a possible increase in the volume of distribution, prolonged action and the possible effect of age-related changes on pharmacologic functions, including hepatic metabolism and renal excretion (see Section 5.2 ‘Pharmacokinetic properties’)

Use in children From 6 months to 6 years 5-15mg rising to 50mg daily in divided doses and for children over 6 years, 15-25mg rising to 50-100mg daily in divided doses.

As with all medications, the dosage should be adjusted according to the patient’s response to therapy.

Hepatic impairment The total daily dose should be reduced by 33%. Use in patients with severe liver disease should be avoided (see Section 4.4 ‘Special Warnings and Precautions for Use’)

Renal impairment For patients with moderate or severe renal impairment, it is recommended that the total daily dosage should be reduced by 50% (see section 4.4 ‘Special Warnings and Precautions for Use’).

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